The Carole Geller Award
Carole Geller, a dedicated, principled and tireless advocate, was a feminist and a supporter of the trade union movement and of the rights of native people, black people, disabled Canadians, gay people, and others disadvantaged by discrimination or poverty. To honour Carole's contribution to progressive work in the human rights field over 20 years, the Carole Geller Human Rights Award was established in the fall of 1987. The award is intended to support activists and advocates whose contributions to the improvement of rights often receive no official recognition. An Awards Committee was named by Carole to select individuals who have made an outstanding contribution to the advancement of rights for disadvantaged Canadians or to developments in the human rights field.
Carole Geller began her work in the human rights field in 1967 when she was the President of the Manitoba Voice of Women. In 1971 she was employed as a human rights officer with the Manitoba Human Rights Commission. She became the first Director of the Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission in 1973, and as Director she was a progressive voice in the official human rights community. She promoted strong law enforcement policies, as well as affirmative action and equal pay for work of equal value.
In 1981 Ms. Geller entered the University of Toronto Law School and received her Bachelor of Law degree in 1984. She commenced graduate work in law at Osgoode Hall Law School in the fall of 1984 and received the degree of Master of Laws at the 1987 Fall Convocation. In 1985 she returned to Manitoba to become the first Executive Director of Manitoba's Pay Equity Bureau. Ms. Geller died of cancer in November 1987.
Please help the Canadian Human Rights Reporter recognize the work of advocates and activists by making a generous donation to the Carole Geller Human Rights Award Fund. Decisions are made by an Awards Committee. Your donation will be held in trust. The awards are in the amount of the interest accumulated on the Fund. Donations are tax deductible and receipts are issued.
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Idle No More (2013)
The founders of Idle No More, four first Nations women from Saskatoon — Sheelah McLean, Sylvia McAdams, Nina Wilson, and Jessica Gordon — turned a Twitter hashtag, #idlenomore, into a national movement that challenges Canada’s failure to respect treaty and inherent Aboriginal rights, and to protect the land and its resources.
The event that started the ball rolling was a rally in Saskatoon in November 2012 to protest the passage of Bill C-45 (a budget implementation bill), which stripped away environmental protections from most of Canada’s rivers and lakes. This legislation was passed without consultation with Aboriginal peoples who are affected by it. The movement grew to encompass much broader range of issues and attracted wide support from Aboriginal and non‑Aboriginal communities.
Idle No More has brought people together to defend indigenous sovereignty, the land and its resources, and democracy. Shelagh Day, Carol Geller Awards Co-ordinator, commented that “It is one of the most important spontaneous movements in the past forty years and it is fundamentally about human rights.”
Sharon McIvor (2007)
Sharon McIvor is one of Canada’s leading Aboriginal women rights experts and activists. Sharon is a Thompson Indian and a member of the Lower Nicola Band. She lives and works in Merritt, British Columbia, close to where she was born.
Ms. McIvor is a lawyer, with an LL.B. from the University of Victoria (1987) and an LL.M. from Queen’s University (1995). She was a member of Justice Bertha Wilson’s Panel on Gender Justice in the Legal Profession, a member of the Equality Rights Panel of the Court Challenges Program, and a member of the Aboriginal Circle of the Canadian Panel on Violence Against Women. Sharon was a part of the leadership involved in exposing the over-representation and the appalling treatment of Aboriginal women in federal prisons in Canada. She helped to close down the Prison for Women in Kingston, and was a member of the Planning Council for the Healing Lodge in Maple Creek, Saskatchewan, the only facility designed for Aboriginal women prisoners, which was based on Aboriginal teachings and principles. In its early days, Sharon was the President of the Governing Council of the Healing Lodge.
Sharon was the Justice Co-ordinator of the Native Women’s Association of Canada ("NWAC"), and she led the struggle during the Charlottetown constitutional talks to get NWAC a seat at the table and equal funding with other Aboriginal organizations. Part of Sharon’s life-long work has been to ensure a voice for Aboriginal women as equal partners with men in the struggle to end the injustices of colonization, racism and imposed patriarchy.
Ms. McIvor was the Co-Chair of the Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action ("FAFIA"), a national alliance of over seventy women’s organizations that is dedicated to ensuring that Canada lives up to its international human rights commitments. Currently she is a member of FAFIA’s Human Rights Committee and she appears before United Nations treaty bodies to report on discrimination against women in Canada, and Aboriginal women in particular.
Sharon McIvor is a Professor of Indigenous Studies at the Nicola Valley Institute of Technology where she teaches young Aboriginal students about history, politics, colonization, and human rights.
Ms. McIvor was the plaintiff in McIvor v. Canada, 2009 BCCA 153, a ground-breaking constitutional challenge to the sex discrimination in the status registration provisions of the Indian Act. Thousands of Aboriginal women and their descendants have been excluded from registration as status Indians, because since its introduction the Indian Act, favoured male Indians and their descendants over female Indians and their descendants. Sharon was partially successful in this case, and the Government of Canada amended the Indian Act in 2010 to provide new eligibility for registration to about 45,000 Aboriginal women and their descendants. However, many are still left out, and because of this, Ms. McIvor has filed a petition with the United Nations Human Rights Committee, continuing her effort to fully and finally eradicate the sex discrimination from the Indian Act.
The Carole Geller Award was given to Sharon McIvor to honour her many contributions to the struggle for equality and social justice in Canada and to thank her for her determination to ensure that justice is delivered to Aboriginal women and men.
Dissent on Trial (2005)
Dissent on Trial was a group formed as a result of arrests made on June 28, 2003 when hundreds of people participated in a protest against the World Trade Organization ("WTO") mini-Ministerial meeting in Montreal. This meeting preceded the WTO Ministerial Council trade talks that collapsed in Cancun, Mexico in September 2003.
The arrests took place two hours after the march had ended and dispersed, and two kilometres from the site of location of the march in the allegedly "safe" green zone. Those arrested, some 200 individuals, were surrounded by police and not allowed to disperse. All were arrested and detained.
Despite the lack of evidence, the Crown is proceeding with charges of unlawful assembly, a criminal charge. This charge, if successful, will set Canadian precedent that will limit peoples' ability to march, picket and protest. It will also result in criminal records for the many people who were unjustly arrested.
The deliberateness of the violation of rights, the apparent determination of Quebec authorities to proceed with criminal charges make this case a critical one. The resolve of Dissent on Trial to challenge these false charges most refused a "deal" to plead guilty to lesser charges make them a worthy recipient of the award.
Democracy Street (1998)
The students in this organization contributed twice to the protection of human rights. First, they made a contribution to the protection and promotion of human rights by drawing attention, at the November 1997 Vancouver APEC Conference, to the massive violations of human rights by the Indonesian dictator Suharto, and to the negative impacts of globalization on people around the world. They made a second contribution through their efforts to hold the RCMP accountable for pepper spraying, arresting and strip-searching demonstrators. The cash award goes towards legal costs for a B.C. Supreme Court challenge to police conduct and for the costs of legal representation at the RCMP Public Complaints Commission.
Billie Mortimer (1995)
Ms. Mortimer was responsible for exposing the practice of Japan Airlines in 1992 of seating passengers of East Indian origin at the back of their planes. Ms. Mortimer's efforts to expose and end the practice met with resistance from her fellow union members and officials who feared the possible loss of jobs. Ms. Mortimer was obliged to go to the media with the story. The practice was eventually ended by JAL who issued a public apology. Ms. Mortimer was widely recognized within the East Indian and anti-racist communities in Vancouver for her initiative.
Protectors of Mother Earth (1993)
This organization successfully fought the practice of clear-cutting and use of mechanical harvesters and halted access to part of a forest at Wiggins Bay, Saskatchewan which has provided livelihood for generations of aboriginal people.
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